Periodontics is a specialty of dentistry that focuses on preventing, diagnosing, and treating periodontal issues. At Ragan Family Dentistry, we provide specialized periodontal treatments and procedures to treat gum disease and improve the health of the gums to ensure long-term oral health.
Our dentist has received additional training and has extensive experience in providing periodontal care. This means that our patients at Ragan Family Dentistry can have their oral needs addressed under one roof and by one consistent provider instead of having to see multiple specialists.
Periodontal diseases are bacterial infections that affect the gums and bones surrounding the teeth. The most common form of periodontal disease is called gingivitis, characterized by inflammation and bleeding of the gums. If left untreated, gingivitis can progress to a more severe condition known as periodontitis, leading to gum recession, bone loss, and, ultimately, tooth loss.
Good oral hygiene practices, such as regular brushing, flossing, and professional dental cleanings, are essential for preventing periodontal diseases. Early detection and treatment of periodontal problems are crucial for preserving the health and function of the teeth and supporting structures. Regular dental checkups are also essential for optimal periodontal health.
The Causes of Periodontal Diseases
Poor Oral Hygiene
Inadequate oral hygiene practices, such as infrequent or improper brushing and flossing, allow plaque to build up on the teeth and gums. Plaque contains bacteria that produce toxins, triggering an inflammatory response in the gums and leading to the development of periodontal diseases.
Smoking or using tobacco products significantly increases the risk of developing periodontal diseases. Tobacco use impairs blood flow to the gums, weakens the immune system, and reduces the body's ability to fight infections, making it harder to combat gum disease.
Systemic Health Conditions
Certain systemic conditions, such as diabetes, cardiovascular diseases, immune disorders, and HIV/AIDS, can compromise the body's immune response and increase the risk of periodontal diseases. Conversely, periodontal diseases can also harm systemic health.
Common Periodontal Treatments
Scaling and Root Planing
This non-surgical procedure removes plaque and calculus from the teeth and root surfaces. It involves thoroughly cleaning the teeth above and below the gum line to eliminate bacteria and toxins contributing to gum disease.
In cases where non-surgical treatments are insufficient, periodontal surgery may be necessary. There are different types of periodontal surgery, including pocket reduction and gum and bone grafting. These procedures aim to reduce pocket depths, regenerate lost gum tissue, and restore damaged bone.
After undergoing periodontal treatment, regular maintenance visits are crucial to monitor the condition of the gums and prevent the disease from reoccurring. These visits typically involve professional teeth cleaning, examination of gum health, and reinforcement of oral hygiene instructions.
Regular dental visits and diligent oral hygiene practices are essential for the long-term success of periodontal treatment and for maintaining healthy gums and teeth. For more information, visit Ragan Family Dentistry at 201 S 3rd St., McAlester, OK 74501, or call (918) 426-9900.